Document Type



Medicine and Health Sciences | Psychiatry and Psychology



Although home exercises are commonly prescribed following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and are considered important in obtaining successful rehabilitation outcomes, little is known about factors associated with the completion of such exercises. Consequently, this study was designed to identify predictors of adherence to home rehabilitation exercises after ACL surgery.

Research Method/Design

Participants (33 women, 58 men) completed indices of athletic identity, neuroticism, optimism, and pessimism before ACL surgery and measures of daily pain, negative mood, stress, and home exercise completion for 42 days postoperatively.


Participants reported a high level of adherence to the prescribed regimen. Home exercise completion increased significantly over time as the number of sets of prescribed home exercises declined. Personal factors were not predictive of home exercise completion. Participants completed fewer home exercises on days when they experienced more stress or negative mood.


Day-to-day variations in negative mood and stress may contribute to adherence to prescribed home exercises.


Rehabil Psychol. Author manuscript; available in PMC Jun 5, 2014. Published in final edited form as: Rehabil Psychol. Feb 2013; 58(1): 64–72. doi: 10.1037/a0031297 PMCID: PMC4045843 NIHMSID: NIHMS584081