Document Type



There is not extensive research on the potential of anion exchange membranes (AEMs) for determining available N in soils of turfgrass systems, nor on the use of reflectance meters for quantifying turfgrass color. The two objectives of this study were to determine relationships between (i) turfgrass color measurements and soil nitrate (NO3–N) desorbed from AEMs and (ii) reflectance meter measurements and turfgrass chlorophyll concentration. A field experiment was conducted on a 90% Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) stand across 2 yr. Anion exchange membranes were inserted into the soil and exchanged weekly. Desorbed NO3–N from the AEMs was quantified. Turfgrass color and chlorophyll measurements were taken monthly. Reflectance meter measurements were significantly related to chlorophyll concentration. Linear response plateau models suggested critical levels of AEM soil NO3–N, above which turfgrass color did not improve, from 0.31 to 0.43 µg cm–2 d–1. These models suggest that critical levels of soil NO3–N could be determined that maximize turfgrass quality without excessive N application. These findings suggest both AEMs and hand-held reflectance meters could be useful tools for N management in turfgrass.


Published in Crop Science, Vol. 45, Issue 1, pp.259-265 (January/February 2005) at
in the section Turfgrass Science