Document Type



Immunology and Infectious Disease | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


The use of sophisticated microscopy continues apace in analysis of infection and the induction of immune responses. Continued technological improvements in microscopy, fluorescent dyes, and transgenic reporter systems will allow constant improvements of our view of the microbial and immunological landscape. Understanding how anatomy, cellular movement and microbial pathogenesis are linked to the outcome of the immune response will allow us to make informed decisions regarding vaccine formulations and treatments for infectious diseases and their sequelae.


Microbe Wash DC. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 December 7. Published in final edited form as: Microbe Wash DC. 2011 February; 6(2): 63–68. PMCID: PMC3517209 NIHMSID: NIHMS336442