Document Type



Insurance Law | Law and Society | Military, War, and Peace


In War and Insurance (1914), Josiah Royce deals with several kinds of community, two obviously and one implicitly. The first is the community of interpretation, which he adapted from Peirce and used in the Problem of Christianity. The second is the Beloved or Universal Community, towards which this suggestion for the practical advancement of peace was headed. The third is the shattered or wounded community, implicit in War and Insurance in the form of the international community, which is injured by the nation that fires the first shot. This paper discusses these three communities against the background of several other treatments of community in the work of Josiah Royce.