Date of Completion


Embargo Period



Crystal Park, Dean Cruess, Beth Russell

Field of Study

Psychological Sciences


Master of Science

Open Access

Open Access


Objective. This two-study project aimed to determine if motivations to use alcohol (coping and social motivations) mediate the relationship between trait mindfulness and a variety of alcohol-related consequences and to determine if the relationship between motivations to use alcohol and alcohol-related consequences is moderated by alcohol use. Study 1 determined the factor structure of positive and negative consequences of alcohol use. In Study 2, this structure served as the outcome across eight moderated mediation models. Method. For Study 1, data were obtained from 165 undergraduate students to perform exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on alcohol-related consequences. For Study 2, data were obtained from 296undergraduate students to confirm the alcohol-related consequences factor structure and to test eight moderated-mediation models. Results. In Study 1, four alcohol-related consequences scales were identified (romantic/sexual, positive, mild negative, and severe negative consequences) by EFA and confirmed in Study 2. The motive of drinking to cope significantly mediated the relationship between trait mindfulness and all four of the alcohol-related consequences scales. Drinking to socialize was only a marginally significant mediator between trait mindfulness and three of the alcohol-related consequences scales. Conclusions. The identified four-factor structure suggests that alcohol-related consequences should be assessed in a more specific manner. Additionally, different motivations for alcohol use relate differentially to trait mindfulness and different alcohol-related consequences; drinking to cope is particularly problematic for this population. Future research on the usefulness of promoting mindfulness to reduce problematic drinking appears warranted.

Major Advisor

Crystal Park