Date of Completion


Embargo Period



School Counselors Perceptions, School Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, Student Outcomes, School Climate, and Professional Effectiveness

Major Advisor

Dr. Rachelle Perusse

Associate Advisor

Dr. Robert Colbert

Associate Advisor

Dr. Susannah Everett

Associate Advisor

Dr. Melissa Bray

Associate Advisor

Dr. Kathleen Laundy

Field of Study

Educational Psychology


Doctor of Philosophy

Open Access

Open Access


School-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) is a framework utilized by more than 18,000 schools in the United States. Middle and high school SWPBIS leadership teams are usually composed of administrators, school counselors, school psychologists, school social workers, special educators and general educators. The purpose of this study was to understand middle and high school counselors’ perceptions of the impact of SWPBIS. The Delphi methodology was used to gain agreement on changes to student outcomes, school climate, and school counselor effectiveness. A knowledgeable panel of school counselors from schools that are implementing SWPBIS with high fidelity identified changes to student outcomes, school climate, and implications for school counselor effectiveness. Suggestions for school counselors and pre-service school counseling curriculum are provided based on the results of this study.