Date of Completion
apolipoprotein C-III, low-density lipoprotein receptor, enterocyte, dietary fat absorption, fatty acid oxidation, cytosolic lipid droplet, chylomicron, enteroids, organoids
Rebecca A. Haeusler
Field of Study
Doctor of Philosophy
Chylomicron metabolism plays a critical role in determining plasma levels of triacylglycerols (TAG) and cholesterol, both of which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The rates of chylomicron secretion and remnant clearance are controlled by intracellular and extracellular factors including apolipoprotein CIII (apoC-III). We have previously shown that human apoC-III overexpression in mice (apoC-IIITg mice) decreases the rate of chylomicron secretion into lymph, as well as the TAG composition in chylomicrons. We investigate whether enterocyte lipoprotein uptake regulates enterocyte metabolism and dietary lipid absorption in order to better our understanding of how the pathophysiological conditions (like hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and inflammation) potentiate atherogenic chylomicron secretion. In these studies, we measured the canonical intracellular chylomicron regulatory pathways (including chylomicron synthesis enzymes, fatty acid trafficking across the apical membrane, and cytosolic lipid droplet metabolism). We conclude that enterocytes take up TAG-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) on the basolateral face, that excess apoC-III decreases TRL uptake, and that this regulates chylomicron secretion and enterocyte metabolism. We propose that this pathway of basolateral lipid substrate transport (BLST) plays a physiologically relevant role in the maintenance of dietary lipid absorption and chylomicron secretion, and that the loss of BLST (during pathophysiological apoC-III levels in plasma) could be atherogenic.
Li, Diana, "Determining the Role of Intestinal Basolateral Lipid Substrate Transport (BLST) in Modulating Chylomicron Secretion" (2019). Doctoral Dissertations. 2245.
Available for download on Friday, June 01, 2029