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In 2017, the Connecticut Law Review hosted the symposium “Religious Freedom: Liberty, Legislation, and Litigation.” The symposium set out to explore three specific areas of debate within the conversation about the federal Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA): (1) liberty—the right to be free to exercise your religion without a substantial governmental burden; (2) legislation—how RFRA laws vary from state to state and what challenges exist in balancing competing interests through the legislative process; and (3) litigation—cases that arise within the employment law field, constitutional civil rights cases, and the notion of a corporation’s right to free exercise. This Introduction summarizes the arguments of several of the symposium’s contributors and authors in this issue of the Connecticut Law Review.