Date of Completion


Embargo Period



Carl M. Maresh, Ph.D.; Jeff S. Volek, Ph.D., R.D.

Field of Study



Master of Arts

Open Access

Open Access


This study examined the performance gains in annual simulated 2,000 meter (2K) rowing tests of female collegiate rowers over their four years of collegiate-level training and competition. Data compiled over 14 years on 47 well-trained, collegiate female rowers were used. Subjects’ PR (personal record) 2K scores for each of their four years with the University team were analyzed. Results showed significant differences between both Year 1 to Year 2 and Year 2 to Year 3 2K PR scores. The greatest change in 2K scores occurred between Year 1 and Year 2. No significant differences were seen between Year 3 and Year 4 2K scores. From the data collected, a range for expected annual improvement in collegiate female 2K testing was created. Observed changes in simulated rowing will be useful for coaches, trainers and competitors alike.

Major Advisor

William J. Kraemer, Ph.D.