The effects of a therapeutic modality in self-efficacy: An experimental investigation

Date of Completion

January 1996


Health Sciences, Rehabilitation and Therapy|Health Sciences, Recreation|Psychology, Cognitive




The primary goal of therapeutic recreational service is the rehabilitation of it clients (Shivers, 1993). While rehabilitation of any individual is unique, the process may be assisted or enhanced with the proper intervention (Witt, 1988). There is little quantifiable research to assess the actual determinants of rehabilitation, but variables that influence this procedure are manifest. In this research the following research question was examined: are there any differences between participants and non-participants in a highly structured therapeutic recreational activity with respect to feelings of self-efficacy?^ Two groups of subjects were randomly selected from two different long-term care facilities. These groups were randomly divided into a control and experimental group within each facility. The experimental groups participated in the specifically structured activity, and the control groups continued their regularly scheduled day.^ Data was collected via a self-efficacy pretest and posttest and analyzed using analysis of covariance. There were no statistically significant findings that suggested that rehabilitation (i.e., self-efficacy) was, in fact enhanced by the implementation of the specifically structured therapeutic recreational activity. ^